Chapter 2 and 3 history of genocides

 The chapters 2 and 3 were about the conquests of the mongol empire and the crusaders and how war and genocide have a close connection to each other despite not every military conquest being a genocide. They talk about the three templates the Mongols used for the mass killings. The first one is presenting the target people with the choice of submitting to mongol overlordship or facing complete destruction. The second one is vanishing the people who resist subjugation but keep the useful craftsmen. The third and last one is “total elimination” which you can probably tell, kills everybody. It isn’t genocide as they didn’t target a certain group or race to eliminate. The Mongols used terror to rule their expansive empire by massacring large numbers of citizens no matter what race, gender or religion they were. The crusaders were soldiers of Christ. The crusaders used the opportunity of the pope blessing them and saying that no sin can be committed and raped, pillaged and murdered numerous people. The crusaders were known for their reckless actions throughout europe and some popes did try to control the violence but some advocated as they sent the knights all the way to Spain. The crusaders did commit numerous genocides as they had to purge the unchristianlike population of muslims as genocide means killing people for their beliefs, race or gender. The Mongols conquests were hard to define as genocides despite their cruelty. They used killing as a method for the construction of the empire, terrorizing, expand the empire, and inporcorportate people of different cultures into the empire. The crusaders killings in the near east was pretty much a genocide as they murdered anybody that wasn’t a christian but a muslim or a jew as seen in jerusalem and beziers raids. The Mongols did keep craftsmen, artisans and merchants in some

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