Dunant, A Memory of Solferino is about Henry Dunant, known for being the founder of the organization Red Cross. Dunant was born in 1828 Geneva, Switzerland to a successful businessman and a man of means while his mom was a pious and gentle woman. His mother, however, had the most influence on the little Dunant and helped mold the little Dunant into the character that he became. Dunant was part of numerous small organizations in Switzerland, Belgium and france and one of those organizations was called The Young Men’s Christian Union. He helped in the Battle of Solferino in 1859 in Italy where France’s army was able to take over the city of Milan and open the gates to the city. The French then proceeded to defeat the Austrians and how the Italians perceive them as heroes and liberators from the austrians. He talked about the armies and their specific tactics in battle while also each government’s viewpoint on their respective armies and how they were perceived. Despite his fame, he ended up in a life of poverty as his long-neglected businesses had to be liquidated and for the next 20 years he wandered aimlessly like a vagrant and lived off small allowances throughout Europe. He was recognized for his work when in 1901, the Nobel peace committee awarded the first ever Peace Prize and then after that, he passed away in 1910. The article also talks about the successes of the French army in Solferino and tactics about how to take the cities and what they did to the civilians

  1. Why did the Red Cross get their name red cross instead of another color or another variation of the word cross
  2. What could Dunant have done to save his businesses or was he screwed already
  3. Can we learn from how Dunant lived