Schindler’s List is about a german businessman named Oskar Schindler who owns a factory in Krakow. He buys a factory to produce enamelware and uses jewish workers due to them being cheaper. He sees the massacre that occurs at the Krakow ghetto where numerous people are murdered. One incident strikes him when he sees a young girl in a red coat hiding from the Nazis but sadly she was seen on the cart if corpses. This affects Schindler dramatically and he decides instead of using them just for labor, he also rescues them and protects them. He bribes numerous officials to prevent them from being sent westward due to the impending Soviet Union invasion. He was able to make a list consisting of 850 people which is what we call Schindler’s List . He made a new factory that was supposed to make weapon ornaments in czechoslovakia and he sent all 1,200 of them to that respective factory. The factory actually did not produce and Schindler spent his whole fortune on bribing the SS officials to keep them there and not let them visit in the first floor due to jews practicing their religious rituals and observe Jewish Sabbath. He loses all his money in late 1945 but the war ends and he moves to Argentina with his wife to hide from the soviets. The movie shows that some people who worked alongside the Nazis did have a care in the world to realize that the jews being murdered didn’t deserve it whatsoever, and Schindler’s willingness to sacrifice everything to save people is heartwarming. Schindler while originally using them only for cheap labor had the heart and courageous to stand up and protect these people when he knew the consequences of saving these said people
Chapter 6 called the communist genocides by Norman naimark talks about the certain communist genocides committed by supposed communist regimes during the late 19th century. The first one talked about was the cambodian genocide between 1975 to 1979 when nearly 1.7 million cambodians died from prison camps, sarvation disease and the exposure from the khmer rouge police. Another one mentioned was the Great Leap Forward where an estimated 30 and 47 million people were murdered by the regime of Mao Zedong. The chapter, however, mostly discusses about the massacre by the kulaks by the soviet union where the policy of collectivization was enacted. The policy failed and stalin decided to blame the kulaks., where he drove them to sarvation and then moved them which resulted in the deaths of millions of kulaks. Another one talked about was how Mao forced China to endure huge industrial change where he forced peasants into huge communes. Mao also planned huge infrastructure projects where millions of workers were moved from there farms. The land became infertile due to the wasted seeds and inefficient soviet plan of agriculture.The last one talked about thoroughly was the Pol pot massacre. The Communist party of Kampuchea under its leader Pol Pot adopted the principles of the communist party of China about the Great Leap Forward where support was gathering after the constant US bombings. The question is if the US didn’t get involved in the Vietnam war which led to the eventual massacre by the Khmer Rouge, how many tragedies would have been avoided or was this inevident that it was going to happen? The Khmer rouge pushed out the two million inhabitants from the city of Phnom Penh and sent them to the rural areas where they actually sent them to labor camps.
Bloodlands: Between Hitler and Stalin by Daniel Snyder was about the rises of both leaders, Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin. Josef Stalin came to power after the Bolsheviks could not control the nation as they lost huge chunks of territory and then had to deal with the poles who defeated the red army at the battle of Warsaw. Germany fell apart after they had to dealt with not only population and territory loss, but also the inability to have an army.Germany was struck with massive hyperinflation and political chaos during the 1920s. The insability led to the rise of the Nazi party where they kept growing and growing in secret until Hitler became chancellor. Vladimir Lenin was the leader of the Soviet Union before Stalin but was murdered. Stalin was able to install his policy of collectivism easier when the world market crashed. The crashes of the free market really damaged the stability of every country and helped get dictators like Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin and Franco in power. Would the economy not crashing have prevented many of the future acts of war, genocide and other tragedies, or was it destined to happen due to Germany getting punished too harshly? The soviet famines chapter talked about how the policy of collectivism starved many peasants of the Soviet Union due to the food being spread ”evenly” when the soviets were just trying to kill as many people as possible. Why does Russia always need a dictator? It seems like every part of their history they are always controlled by a dictator even when they’ve tried democracy at some points but it always ends up being the power of one man. Men like Stalin, Lenin, Ivan the terrible, and Putin with so many more have controlled the vast nation of Russia with just them instead of a group or a democracy, just one.
1994. In Rwanda, the classification of the native population into Hutus and Tutsis, arbitrarily done by the colonial Belgians, is now ingrained within Rwandan mentality despite the Rwandan independence. Despite the Belgians having placed the Tutsis in a higher position during the Belgian rule, they have placed the majority Hutus in power after independence.Paul rusegblaina, a Hutu married to a Tutsi, Tatiana Rusesabagina, is the House Manager of the Hotel Des Milles Collines in Kigali. He runs the Milles Collines, a four star hotel whose primary occupants are westerners. After the president was assassinated, the tension between the hutus and tutsis heightened. The war is a painful reminder of the ethnic divide that can destroy nations like Rwanda and many others. Meanwhile, Colonel Oliver, a Canadian heading the UN peacekeeping forces, and Pat Archer with the Red Cross do what they can to assist Paul and to get people to safety first to the hotel then out of the country, while field journalists, like photographer Jack Daglish, try to bring the genocide back into the global media to have the world once again care about what is going on. My question is how did Rwanda unite the nation after the disaster because most african countries wouldn’t have recovered very nicely due to the relatively poor infrastructure, corruption and numerous other factors contributing to the struggling nations. There can be alot to learn from this movie, as I am not too familar with the whole genocide as it wasn’t really that much of a mainstream topic in all the years I’ve taken history. Luckily, under Paul Kagame, Rwanda has experienced major economic growth while the health and the education of the country has grown tremendously. The genocide may have killed millions of people, but it didn’t destroy the spirit of the nation
Chapter 5 of Naimarks book called Genocide: A world history is about Modern Genocides.The intro talks about how the maturation of modern nation-states combined with a rising tide of integral nationalism, helped the ever-increasing racial tension between people. Some of the examples he used were the massacre in German Southwest Africa during the early 1900’s. The germans decided to try to build a railroad and split the herrero tribes in half and then would slowly move them into reservations. The german leadership was split on what to do as general Von Trotha wanted to eliminate all of the Herror while the governor just wanted them to succeed to them. My question about this part of the chapter is was there any way that the Germans could have controlled Von Trotha and mitigate the damage and horror that he caused the people into. The population of the Herrero went from 80,000 to 15,000 during a three year life span due to the murderings and the concentration camps that the people were put through. The chapter also talks about the armenian genocide, which took place from April to May 1915.The armenians went on the bad side of the Turks when they sided with the allies, Great Britain, France, and Russia. The arrest of 250 leaders of the Armenian community in Constantinople triggered the events that we call today. The estimated death count was between 600,000 to 1 million people which are more likely higher. The genocide did not have a conicse conclusion as it still continued into 1916. The last one talked about was the most infamous one in history, the holocaust. Adolf Hitler rounded up many jews, qypsys, mentally handicapped, homosexuals and others of the imperfect race into work camps where they were pretty much worked to death.
They can live in the desert but nowhere else from chapters 7 – conclusion talks about the ending of the armenian genocide and the deportations of the armenians in the beginning of the chapter. The chapter talked about how the removal of armenians started when they disarmed the armenians in the military labor which effectively made them sitting ducks. My question is would the armenians have stood a chance against Turkey if they had the ability to own weapons or would they have to ask the allies for some help? The young turks, leaders of the Ottoman Empire during this time, suspended the parliament, the first of its kind in the Middle east. This starts the downward spiral of the armenians. The americans decided to stay neutral on this issue despite the ambassador during this time, Henry Morgenthau, was positioned to see all what is happening with the armenians. He reportedly was with the young turks and what the thinking was but really had no power in stopping the party. The ambassador argued that the reason for the mass deportation of the armenians was patriotism, instead of the more widely acknowledged reason of preserving turkish nationalism. He portrayed the Turks as peace lovers and that they didn’t look for violence which is a far cry from the truth. The genocide was able to happen under the disguise of the war and the armenians that were loyal, neutral or persistent to the empire were pushed out. The Young Turks were looking for a more turkified empire without the looming threat of an independent Armenia. Russia did not help the Armenians and may even have contributed to the genocide of them, as they bombarded city after city and killed anybody in those cities. The armenians tried to get the Russians to help them but the Russians seemingly refused to help their cause and continued there conquest.
I visited the museum on September 28th and it was a very expansive museum. The details of every single little thing in the holocaust was mind blowing. I couldn’t even finish the museum due to the amount of info and just being relatively tired from the lack of sleep. There were many questions that I had during the trip. My first one is could the US have done much more to prevent the deaths of millions of people or was it set in stone? The holocaust museum expanded my viewpoint on my view as they introduced so many new aspects on why it happened, for example I never knew about all the rebellions in the ghettos as I was familiar with some of them but not about the hundreds of them happening and also another interesting factoid I learned was that Franklin Delano Roosevelt not accepting the ship of jewish refugees but instead the dictator of the Dominican republic, Rafael Trujillo actually accepting the refugees and this was due to the USA’s strict immigration policy during this time. They only allowed in 25,000 immigrants per year which kinda goes against what I always thought that we as a nation accepted plenty of immigrants during the 1900’s but I never realized the very anti-immigrant population during this time. The museum I have visited it before when I was about 13 but I never remembered it being so in-depth and informative. I also liked the talk given to by the survivor which ended a good day.